Modernism is an artistic movement of Catalan origin that developed itself during one century from 1830 to 1930. In Barcelona the movement is much influenced by Antoni Gaudí and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.
The Temple Expiatorio (Catalan Temple Expiatori of the Sagrada Familia), known simply as the Sagrada Familia, is a Roman Catholic basilica in Barcelona (Spain), designed to be the most emblematic building, although it is not finished, By the architect Antoni Gaudí, it began in 1882, it is still under construction (July 2015).
The temple, once completed, will have 18 towers, 12 to symbolize the apostles, four dedicated to the evangelists, and one dedicated to the Virgin. Finally the biggest tower will be dedicated to Jesus and should measure 170 m.
It should be finished in 2026, 100 years after the death of its creator.
The Palais Güell (in Catalan: Palau Güell) is one of the works of the architect Antoni Gaudí in Barcelona, which have been on the Unesco World Heritage list since 1984 under the name “Antoni Gaudí’s Works”.
The Güell Palace was built between 1886 and 1891 for the wealthy industrialist Eusebi Güell. Eusebi Güell lived in the palace for only 20 years before settling in Güell Park. The palace was sold in 1945 to the deputation of Barcelona on condition of never being destroyed or modified. Since 1984, together with six other works by Antoni Gaudí, he has been included in Unesco World Heritage. They “testify to Gaudí’s exceptional creative contribution to the development of architecture and construction techniques in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Palau de la musica catalana
The Catalan Music Palace is a concert hall in the small Ribera district in Barcelona, Spain. It was made by the architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner one of the representatives of the Catalan modernism style. It was built in four years from 1904 to 1908. It is known for its statues, mosaics, stained glass windows and especially its chandelier which represents the sun and the sky.
More than 400 concerts are played there every year.
Casa Mila or La Pedrera
Casa Mila, popularly known as La Pedrera, is a unique building, built between 1906 and 1912 by the architect Antoni Gaudí (1852-1926) and listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1984. Today, the building is home to the Catalunya Foundation. La Pedrera is today a lighthouse that radiates creation and knowledge. The Pedrera is probably one of the most famous buildings of the modernist period in the world and one of the most important works of the architect Antoni Gaudí. A place that becomes a work of art in itself.
Hospital of Sant Pau
The Hospital of Sant Pau in Barcelona. Located in the district of El Guinardó, since 1997 it has been listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, together with the Catalan Music Palace. The hospital was designed in 1901 by the Catalan architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner and was completed in 1930. In 1991, he received the Creu de Sant Jordi, awarded by the Generalitat of Catalonia.
Casa Fuster is a modernist building designed and built by Lluís Domènech i Montaner with the collaboration of his son Pere Domènech i Roura between 1908 and 1911 in Barcelona. It was built by Fuster Consol Fabra, who wanted to live there. It is one of the last constructions of Domènech i Montaner, the last one in Barcelona, where the architect used many characteristic elements: a base made of sturdy pink stone columns, three-lobed windows and floral ornamentation.
Casa Lleó i Morera
Casa Lleó i Morera is a modernist building designed by the architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner, located at no. 35 of Passeig de Gràcia, Barcelona. The project to reform the old Casa Rocamora, dating from 1864, was commissioned by Francesca Morera in 1902. After his death in 1904, his son Albert Lleó i Morera continued the work and gave a name to this building. The work was completed on March 10, 1905. It is one of the three large buildings built by the Modernist – Gaudí, Puig i Cadafalch and Domènech i Montaner architects – which form part of what is called the “Block of Discord», With the Batlló and Casa Amatller.
The Casa Comalat is a modernist building located in the Eixample district of Barcelona and with two different facades. It was a project that began in 1906 and ended in 1911 by the architect Salvador Valeri i Pupurull (1873-1954).
As a tribute to Gaudí, the Casa Comalat shows many elements of Gaudian architecture, and became one of the most original examples of modernism in Barcelona.
As mentioned above, it is a very original building, composed of two different facades, but with a common formal element, the Gaudian curve. On the one hand, the main façade, which faces Barcelona’s Diagonal Avenue, has a more formal and symmetrical air. The other façade faces Córcega Street.
Modernism shows another side of the works of Jeroni Ferran Granell, an architect known for the simple style of his buildings. Casa Granell, built between 1901 and 1903, and currently protected as a local cultural interest, and is an example of the modest beauty that Granell has projected into his work. It is located at 122, Girona Street in the Eixample district.
Located by the locals as “El Frare Blanc” (White Brother), this majestic villa from the modernism style stands out on the elegant Avinguda Del Tibidabo in the Sant Gervasi district. Like a candy inside its packaging, its appearance is a feast for the eyes and heir of the noble past of the city. Its restoration begins in 1903 by Joan Rubió i Bellver and ends 10 years later in 1913 on the request of Teodor Roviralta a Catalan businessman.